There is no one proven factor to the cause of Keratoconus. Hormones, genetics, and the environment are all believed to play a part in the development of this disease.
Keratoconus is usually detected during the hormonal changes of a teen in puberty and continues until about the age of 30.
Some scientists believe that Keratoconus is genetically transferred. Research shows there is less than a one in ten probability that a relative of someone with Keratoconus will have it. This being said, most people with Keratoconus do not have relatives with the disease.
Allergies are said to be a possibly cause of Keratoconus. Allergies can cause you to rub your eyes more than normal. Forceful eye rubbing can damage the cornea especially to the more sensitive studies have shown the possibility of keratoconus developing through irregular processing of superoxide radicals. Patients with this disease do not have the capability to get rid of free radicals naturally. The radicals will stay in the tissue and can cause structural damage to the collagen.
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